Gastric Bypass surgery is also known as Bariatric Surgery or weight-loss surgery. This surgery reduces the size of the stomach to a small pouch & attached to the small intestine, so you feel full after eating only a small amount of food and absorb fewer calories. It helps to reduce caloric absorption in cases of severe obesity.
Gastric Bypass surgery helps to lose excess weight & reduce your risk of potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems like Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Heart disease, High blood pressure, Severe sleep apnea, and diabetes.
There are two ways of Gastric bypass surgery. First is the open surgery, the surgeon makes a surgical cut in the belly. In a second way, the surgeon used a tiny camera (laparoscope) and placed it in the belly. This surgery called laparoscopy.
Gastric Bypass Procedure
Firstly, the surgeon will use surgical staples to create a small pouch to serve as your new stomach. This pouch will hold about 1 cup of food. With such a small stomach, people feel full quickly and eat less. This strategy is also called “restrictive,” because the new stomach size restricts how much food it can hold.
The second part is Bypass. The surgeon disconnects the new, small stomach pouch from the majority of the stomach and the first section of the small intestine. Then connects the small pouch of the stomach to a part of the small intestine slightly further down. After this surgery, food passes directly from the stomach into the jejunum, bypassing the duodenum. This curbs your absorption of calories and nutrients.
Cost of Surgery
In General, Gastric Bypass surgery cost varies from $4500 to $11,000 depending on other factors and one geographic area to another.
Who Need Gastric bypass surgery?
Gastric Bypass & other weight-loss surgeries may option for you if your body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher (extreme obesity). More condition is if you have a serious weight-related health problem, diabetes, high blood pressure and severe sleep apnea.
After Gastric bypass surgery
It will greatly change your lifestyle. After this surgery, you must eat healthy foods, control portion sizes of what you eat, and exercise. If you do not follow these measures, you may have complications from the surgery and poor weight loss.
Advantages of the Gastric Bypass
- It is particularly effective for patients with a larger BMI as the procedure has more predictable weight loss outcomes.
- There is a strong, positive effect on diabetes. Hormonal changes resulting from surgery mean most patients have an almost immediate reduction in their need for diabetic medication and some are able to completely stop diabetic medication altogether.
- Gastric Bypass tends to have the strongest effect on high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other obesity-related health issues.
- It is effective for those people who tend towards high sugar or high-fat foods. Dumping syndrome is directly linked to a high sugar, high fat intake. Symptoms of dumping are unpleasant and therefore discourage the intake of high calorie, sweet foods.
Disadvantages of a Gastric Bypass
The risk of nutritional deficiency due to the reduced absorption of vitamins & nutrients. Lifelong vitamin and mineral supplementation are essential to prevent deficiency following surgery. Long term follows up with the surgeon and dietitian to monitor nutritional status is also very important.