As you know In Vitro Fertilization is a process for infertility. This process is done by combining an egg & sperm in a laboratory dish for fertilization, then transfer the embryo in the uterus. This process happens for many causes of infertility like unexplained infertility or others.
Steps of IVF Process
Start with medication that helps you to suppress the natural menstrual cycle. Because this is more effective for the next stage treatment. This medication is given as a daily base injection or as a nasal spray for two weeks.
Follicle stimulating hormone
Fertility hormone (follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)) for stop the natural cycle. This is a daily base injection you give yourself for about 10 to 12 days. FSH injection increases the number of eggs for collection & fertilization. More fertilized eggs are the great choice of embryos to use in IVF treatment.
Gynecologist checks you all steps with vaginal ultrasound & blood tests. It is About for monitor the ovaries & it is done about 34 to38 hours. Eggs are able to collect. Final hormone injection for mature eggs.
Eggs collection done with a needle that injects in the vagina. This process is done under the ultrasound guidance for safety. The procedure is very minor & it takes about 15 to 20 minutes. Some minor bleeding & cramps may after this procedure.
Fertilizing The Eggs
Mixed the selected egg with sperm (partner or donor). Selected embryos (best one or two embryos) for transfer in the womb. When the egg is collected doctor will give hormone medicines for womb line preparing to receive the embryo easily. This medicine injects in the body with injection or gel.
Transfer the selected eggs in the vagina by thin tube (catheter). This procedure same as to egg collection and cervical screening test. A number of embryos to transfer it depends on age. After starting this treatment discussed with the gynecologist. This is compulsory.
One single embryo transfers in first IVF cycle. One or more embryo (top-quality embryos) transfers in a second IVF cycle. Doctors should only consider using two embryos if no top-quality embryos are available. Third IVF cycle same as second IVF cycle. Double embryo transfer in women aged 40-42 years or have no top-quality embryos.